Munich Dachau Tours
Tickets
English
EUR
Language
Currency
Contents

8 Facts About Dachau Concentration Camp You Didn’t Know

Established in 1965, the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site stands on the former grounds of the first Nazi concentration camps. It serves as a solemn reminder of the suffering endured by over 200,000 prisoners from 1933 to 1945. From its establishment as the prototype for all Nazi concentration camps to its role in World War II, read on to learn historical facts about this important landmark. 

Dachau Concentration Camp Facts

Tourists in Dachau Concentration Camp

1. First of its kind

Opened on March 22, 1933, just two months after Adolf Hitler become the Chancellor of Germany, the Dachau Concentration Camp was the first concentration camp set up by the Nazi government. This haunting site served as a blueprint, setting the devastating stage for other camps that would emerge during World War II.

Watchtower at Dachau Concentration Camp

2. Nazi training grounds

Dachau Concentration Camp was not merely a concentration camp; it served as a vital training center for the SS troops. Many of the guards who served at other camps, including Auschwitz, had been trained at Dachau.

Crematorium at Dachau Concentration Camp

3. Site for inhumane experiments

The camp also had a medical experimentation facility where victims were subjected to a variety of horrific experiments, including hypothermia, experimental drug testing, malaria, and bone transplantation.

Memorial site at Dachau Concentration Camp

4. One of the longest-running concentration camps

Dachau Concentration Camp wasn’t just the first of its kind but also the longest operational concentration camp. It ran from 1933 to 1945, almost as long as the Nazi regime itself.

"Arbeit macht frei" gate at Dachau Concentration Camp

5. Deceptive entrance

The entrance gate of Dachau bore the sinister slogan "Arbeit macht frei," meaning "Work sets you free," a cruel irony that misled prisoners into a false hope of eventual release through labor.

Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial

6. Established as a memorial site

Established in 1965, the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site transformed the former camp into a place of remembrance and education, preserving its structures and exhibits to honor victims and ensure the horrors of the past are never forgotten

Barbed wires at Dachau Concentration Camp

7. Post-War trials

The surviving victims of the concentration camp were liberated by American troops on April 29, 1945. Between 1933 and 1938, the majority of detainees consisted of German SS soldiers and citizens who were imprisoned on grounds of political affiliation. Nazi war criminals were brought to justice, shedding light on the camp's atrocities.

Prison in Dachau Concentration Camp

8. Originally, a place for political prisoners

The camp was originally intended to hold political prisoners, but it soon became a place where anyone who was considered an enemy of the Nazi regime could be sent, including Jews, Romani, people with disabilities, and Jehovah's Witnesses.




Book Dachau Tours

From Munich: English Guided Tour to Dachau Concentration Camp
Free Cancellation
Instant Confirmation
Mobile Ticket
5 hr.
Guided Tour
More details
Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site Tour
Free Cancellation
Instant Confirmation
Mobile Ticket
5 hr.
Guided Tour
More details

Frequently Asked Questions About Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site

What is the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site?

The Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site is a solemn place located on the former grounds of the first Nazi concentration camp. It serves as a memorial and educational site, commemorating the suffering endured by over 200,000 prisoners during its operation from 1933 to 1945.

What is the most interesting fact about the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site?

One of the most interesting and poignant facts about the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site is that it was the prototype for all Nazi concentration camps, setting the stage for the horrors that would occur in other camps during World War II.

What are some unique Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site facts?

Some unique facts about the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site include its role as a training center for SS troops, its use as a site for inhumane medical experiments, and its infamous entrance gate bearing the cruel slogan "Arbeit macht frei" (Work sets you free).

Where is the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site located?

The Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site is located in Dachau, Germany.

When was the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site built?

The Dachau Concentration Camp was originally opened on March 22, 1933, and the memorial site was established in 1965.

When did the Dachau Concentration Camp open?

The Dachau Concentration Camp opened on March 22, 1933, just two months after Adolf Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany.

Is it true that the entrance gate of Dachau had the slogan "Arbeit macht frei"?

Yes, it is true. The entrance gate of Dachau bore the sinister slogan "Arbeit macht frei," meaning "Work sets you free," which was a cruel irony that misled prisoners into false hope of eventual release through labor.